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Heat & Cool Efficiently

This type of HVAC system lets you cool or heat different areas of your home by controlling valves or dampers within the ductwork. The primary health concerns associated with carbon monoxide exposure are its cardiovascular and neurobehavioral effects. Actually, an air conditioner is very similar to another appliance in your home -- the refrigerator. Trane matched systems can be customized with cooling and heating units that match your situation and let you choose from a range of energy efficiency. Reducing the humidity also had the side benefit of lowering the air temperature -- and a new technology was born.

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Central Heating and Cooling

Heat pumps can use air or ground geothermal heat but lose efficiency when the temperature outside is a great deal cooler or warmer than the indoor air, making them an efficient supplement for HVAC systems in some areas. Environmental engineers and other climate control professionals frequently use "HVAC-R," or heating, ventilation, air conditioning and refrigeration in place of the older HVAC because refrigeration has become so important to HVAC systems.

Traditional air conditioning units consist of a compressor and condenser that cycles the cooled refrigerant through a box called an "air handler" in the building's ventilation system, using the fan in the furnace to force cooled air through the duct work to existing vents.

A heat pump is basically a two-way air conditioner and heat pumps make more efficient air conditioners than they do heaters. Where there is no duct work because of a hydronic or electric direct-heat system , a ventilation system must either be installed or specialized systems known as "mini-duct" or "mini-split" ductless air conditioning.

These systems run small ducts that use high-pressure fans or run the refrigerant itself to an air handler with a fan in each room to be cooled. A heat vent in a forced-air system. Older systems use the heat they produce to heat water, which in turn heats the air in your home. These systems use a boiler to store and heat the water supply, which is then circulated as hot water through pipes embedded in the wall, floor, or ceiling.

When an air conditioner is turned on, electrical power is used to cool a gas in a coil to its liquid state. Warm air in your home is cooled by contact with the cooling coil, and this cooled air is channeled to the rooms of your home through ducts and out registers or -- in the case of room air conditioners -- directly from the unit itself. In the next section, we'll review the different distribution systems used for heating and cooling the home.

Heating and Cooling System Basics. Simple maintenance can greatly extend the life of a central air conditioner. Related Content " ". Is your vinyl siding killing you? Understanding the different varieties of HVAC systems can save you a lot of time while you're considering your options, and help you better understand how HVAC works. Narrow down your choices before you begin shopping, and get a clear picture of what you need to make yours function at its best.

When you're looking for a new energy-efficient HVAC system, you'll spot a variety of energy efficiency ratings on the units. To ensure you're getting the best system for your needs, it's worth knowing which systems are ranking better—that's key for getting the most out of your investment. With these easy tips, you can learn how HVAC works for your family, leaving you better prepared to pick the right system for your home. Find a hvac contractor near you.

This is the most obvious portion of your HVAC system, and the piece you'll interact with most. Usually installed on an easily accessed walls, it can be set manually and programmed to keep your home at your ideal temperature.

When the ambient temperature gets too hot or cold, the thermostat triggers your HVAC system to start circulating air as needed.

Your furnace is the star of your HVAC system, and it can be huge—it'll require the most space out of all of the different components. The furnace is designed to heat air, which is then distributed to different portions of your home via ductwork or piping.

Furnaces use varied heat sources, including solar energy, heat pumps, electric resistance, and combustion. The evaporator coil is used to cool down the air when your thermostat is set to a lower temperature. This cold air is then funneled throughout your home. This unit is found on the outside of your home and filled with what is called refrigerant gas.

When the refrigerant is cooled, the condensing unit pumps this liquid to the evaporator coil to be transformed into gas again. These are the outlets that help distribute heated and cooled air from the duct system into the various rooms of your home. They're generally found near the ceiling with angle slats, designed to send the air downward. It's important to ensure these vents don't become blocked. These lines carry refrigerant to the condensing unit in the form of gas.

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How does My HVAC System Work? When tackling an HVAC problem, understanding how the system works is half the battle. Can't read this graphic? Here below is the text-only version: Your heating and air conditioning system is often one of the most extensive, complicated systems in your home. Most of the time it works — and when it doesn’t, you. Building Your Dream Home Get the basics about HVAC systems so you can make an educated purchasing decision. As always, contact your local Trane Comfort Specialist™ if . Discover how central heating and cooling are separate systems that are paired to work together to heat and cool your home effectively.